Key words: Aquaculture, Coastal ecosystems, ecosystem services, ecosystem functions, ecosystem valuation, biodiversity, resilience, environmental impacts and sustainability of aquaculture, integrated aquaculture systems, mangroves.
Troell is a system ecologist mainly working with environmental problems associated with aquaculture. This work focuses on inter-linkages between aquaculture and fisheries, on different spatial scales.
Practical fieldwork has mainly been conducted in developing countries (both tropical and temperate) and involved coastal systems as well as freshwater systems. He is currently doing work in India and Cambodia, where he studies how aquacultures allocation of low valued fish resources affect poor peoples ability to access cheep fish. In India he studies coastal fishery resources and coastal communities, and in Cambodia the Mekong fishery and rural inland communities (Sida Project).
A further area of interest is developing integrated cultivation techniques. This work started with coastal open-water aquaculture in Chile, and at present he is involved in works on land-based abalone farms in South Africa (Sida Project). The systems he tries to develop build on using seaweeds as biofilters, with the ultimate aim to increase environmental and economic performance.
A key question is what role these systems can play in future development of aquaculture, i.e. considering the challenges we face with limited resources and degrading environments. Also within this concept he has a minor part in a EU project where peri-urban mangroves are evaluated out from their biofiltering capacity. This work has besides studying nutrient dynamics also a component where socio-economic benefits are evaluated (including estimation of ecosystem goods and services generated from the mangroves).
Troell is also more generally working with ecological and socio- economic evaluation of ecosystem goods and services generated from tropical and temperate coastal systems. The latest work involved identification of goods and services from some Swedish key coastal habitats, and how to value these (SEEPA).
He has since 1991 been teaching and acting as course leader for marine and freshwater ecology courses. He has regular and occasional teaching assignments on various courses (University level teaching; SU, UmeåUniv., SLU, KTH, Södertörn).
He is a course leader for PhD certificate course (Ecology and economic management, 4 cr), given by The Beijer Institute and has taught ecology in a Sida financed teaching and training programme on environment and development issues for university teachers in economics in developing countries.
Research news | 2017-11-21
Large-scale changes in Arctic marine food web can be expected within 50 years, some good, but in the long run several critical
Research news | 2017-10-19
The starting point for a rethink on how we produce our food
Research news | 2017-08-21
Feed resources is the big challenge for expansion of marine aquaculture - not lack of suitable ocean space
Research news | 2017-08-08
Centre scientists and CEO’s of world largest seafood companies form coalition to turn seafood industry more sustainable. New PNAS study highlights the importance and process of science-business partnerships
2018 - Journal / article
Aquaculture has grown rapidly over the last three decades expanding at an average annual growth rate of 5.8% (2005–2014), down from 8.8% achieved between 1980 and 2010. The sector now produces 44% of total food fish production. Increasing demand and consumption from a growing global population are driving further expansion of both inland and marine aquaculture (i.e., mariculture, including marine species farmed on land). Howev...
2017 - Journal / article
Global seafood provides almost 20% of all animal protein in diets, and aquaculture is, despite weakening trends, the fastest growing food sector worldwide. Recent increases in production have largely been achieved through intensification of existing farming systems, resulting in higher risks of disease outbreaks. This has led to increased use of antimicrobials (AMs) and consequent antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in many farming...
2017 - Journal / article
We review current knowledge about climate change impacts on Arctic seafood production. Large-scale changes in the Arctic marine food web can be expected for the next 40–100 years. Possible future trajectories under climate change for Arctic capture fisheries anticipate the movement of aquatic species into new waters and changed the dynamics of existing species. Negative consequences are expected for some fish stocks but others...
2017 - Journal / article
Food lies at the heart of both health and sustainability challenges. We use a social-ecological framework to illustrate how major changes to the volume, nutrition and safety of food systems between 1961 and today impact health and sustainability. These changes have almost halved undernutrition while doubling the proportion who are overweight. They have also resulted in reduced resilience of the biosphere, pushing four out of s...