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The ecosystem approach is a salient policy paradigm originating from a scientific understanding of the reality of complex ecosystem dynamics. In this article, we investigate how Swedish national marine policies and practice between 2002 and 2015 have changed towards an ecosystem approach. Government documents, the scientific literature, institutional changes, changes in legislation, pilot projects, and changes in science and public
opinion were reviewed and combined with information from expert interviews. We found that changes in policy and practice have slowly stimulated the development of an ecosystem approach, but that limited political leadership, challenges of coordination, different agency cultures, and limited learning appears to be key barriers for further and more substantial change. We compare and contrast the Swedish national process of change with other documented experiences of implementing an ecosystem approach and find that several countries struggle with similar challenges. Substantial work still remains in Sweden and we provide suggestions for how to stimulate further and more substantial change at the national level.
Research news | 2018-01-18
New book on the evolution of social innovation and how to make them more transformative
Research news | 2018-01-16
Official aid for oceans and fisheries in developing world drops by 30%
General news | 2018-01-15
Executive director Johan Röckstrom will discuss the "carbon law" and researcher Maja Schlüter will discuss “amplifying feedbacks” that make it more difficult for people to change their behaviour
Research news | 2017-12-29
Why university campuses play a pivotal role in promoting sustainable development
Research news | 2017-12-21
New study looks at whether marine plastic pollution should be considered as a component of chemical pollutants in planetary boundaries framework
Research news | 2017-12-19
Will lead new new Advisory Committee together with Leena Srivastava, Vice Chancellor of TERI School of Advanced Studies, India