Early steps for successful management in small-scale fisheries: An analysis of fishers', managers' and scientists' opinions preceding implementation

Author(s): Wallner-Hahn, S., M. de la Torre-Castro
In: Marine Pollution Bulletin doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.07.058
Year: 2018
Type: Journal / article
Theme affiliation: Marine
Full reference: Wallner-Hahn, S., M. de la Torre-Castro. 2018. Early steps for successful management in small-scale fisheries: an analysis of fishers', managers' and scientists' opinions preceding implementation. Marine Pollution Bulletin doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.07.058.

Summary

This study analyzes fishers', managers' and scientists' opinions on management measures to facilitate the initiation of management processes towards more sustainable small-scale seagrass fisheries in Zanzibar, Tanzania. The results show that most fishers and managers agreed on the need to include seagrasses specifically in future management. There was further agreement on dragnets being the most destructive gears, and the use of dragnets being a major threat to local seagrass ecosystems. Gear restrictions excluding illegal dragnets were the favored management measure among fishers. Differences between fishers and managers were found concerning seaweed farming, eutrophication and erosion being potential threats to seagrass meadows. A majority of the interviewed fishers were willing to participate in monitoring and controls, and most fishers thought that they themselves and their communities would benefit the most from establishing seagrass management. Co-managed gear restrictions and the inclusion of different key actos in the management process including enforcement are promising starting points for management implementation.

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