Photo: M. Troell
This theme aims to provide a broader and deeper understanding of the resilience and dynamics of marine social-ecological systems
Research within the theme explores and analyses the dynamics of the marine social-ecological systems, and how they are connected to markets and processes that act across different spatial and temporal scales. We aim to synthesize information across case studies that span the tropics (around Australia, Hawaii, the East coast of Africa, South East Asia, and Latin America), the Arctic, as well as temperate systems including the Seas of Norden (e.g. Baltic Sea, Norwegian Sea).
Important research areas within the marine theme include:
- Social-ecological cross-scale interactions
- Global seafood production systems and their links to food security, human wellbeing, and sustainable seafood.
- Transformations of seafood supply chains and consumption patterns.
- Exploring adaptive management approaches.
- Testing regime shifts and CAS theory across marine case studies using modelling and advanced statistics.
- Exploring alternative sustainable development transformations.
Research topics include, for example, coral reef dynamics, fisheries governance, sustainability of aquaculture, marine food-web dynamics, social-ecological health assessments, management implications of global trade dynamics and geopolitics, and sustainable seafood supply chains and fisheries improvements.
The theme uses and tests theories and transdisciplinary methods, including agent based modelling, complex adaptive system modelling, social network analysis, spatial analyses, and qualitative comparison analysis. Researchers of the theme collaborate closely with several other themes and streams at the Stockholm Resilience Centre as well as colleagues at the Stockholm University and other leading international research institutes around the world, including Princeton and Stanford Universities.
Research news | 2016-10-07
Better representation of human behaviour needed in models of social-ecological systems
Research news | 2016-09-20
Consumers must become more familiarised with labels if consumption of responsible seafood is to increase
Research news | 2016-06-23
Songwriter PJ Harvey provides inspiration for paper calling for radically new thinking within marine research
Research news | 2016-04-21
New study in Nature Communications models global connectivity of the entire planet’s ocean surface
Research news | 2016-04-19
Announcing Global Sustainability, a new Open Access launch from Cambridge
Research news | 2016-02-25
Even in a reported Baltic Sea regime shift, not all parts of the system are affected
2016 - Journal / article
Eco-certification has become an increasingly popular market-based tool in the endeavor to reduce negative environmental impacts from fisheries and aquaculture. In this study, we aimed at investigating which psychological consumer characteristics influence demand for eco-labeled seafood by correlating consumers’ stated purchasing of eco-labeled seafood to nine variables: environmental knowledge regarding seafood production, familiarity with eco-labels, subjective knowledge, pro-environmental self-identification, sense of personal responsibility, concern for negative environmental impacts from seafood production, perceived consumer effectiveness, gender and education. Results from this study suggest that strengthening the emotional component of consumer decision-making and improving the level of consumer familiarity with seafood eco-labels could stimulate more pro-environmental seafood consumption.
2016 - Journal / article
Fishery reform in North America and Europe has substantially improved the prospects for recovery of ecosystems affected by overfishing. Costello et al. (1) draw from lessons learnt and suggest, in their view, commonsense approaches for improved resource management, including fishing to maximize long-term catch and rights-based fishery management approaches that optimize economic values. They identify global prospects by 2050 and highlight 10 countries that constitute “the most compelling and urgent cases for fishery reform.” This important study has value to both scientist and decision makers, but its long-term and global perspective raises several questions in relation to where and how to prioritize future reform. We argue that the global scale has inherent dynamics that are not captured by simply aggregating national statistics. While international agreements are emerging to advance compliance and conservation (2, 3), globalization is also rapidly changing fisheries by concentrating production toward large and vertically integrated transnational corporations.
2016 - Journal / article
Planktonic communities are shaped through a balance of local evolutionary adaptation and ecological succession driven in large part by migration. The timescales over which these processes operate are still largely unresolved. Here we use Lagrangian particle tracking and network theory to quantify the timescale over which surface currents connect different regions of the global ocean. We find that the fastest path between two patches—each randomly located anywhere in the surface ocean—is, on average, less than a decade. These results suggest that marine planktonic communities may keep pace with climate change—increasing temperatures, ocean acidification and changes in stratification over decadal timescales—through the advection of resilient types.
2015 - Journal / article
In their article “Global trends in antimicrobial use in food animals” (1), Van Boeckel et al. provide important insights into antimicrobial use in terrestrial animal production. Although aquaculture was deliberately excluded from their study, some extreme facts on antimicrobial use in aquaculture were mentioned. Here we briefly complement their study with more up-to-date information about the present use and trends of antimicrobials in global aquaculture.
SPACES aims to understand the complex relationship between ecosystem services and the wellbeing of the poor in coastal Kenya and Mozambique. Read more here