Falkenmark is a future-oriented and interdisciplinarily water-related scientist, whom has published her work extensively in academic journals (some 25 articles co-authored with Johan Rockström). Her SRC-interests focus on landscape hydrology, ecohydrology, hydrosolidarity and water resilience. The latter was realized in a multi-author book, “Water resilience for human prosperity” (Rockström et al 2014).
In the mid 1980’s she introduced what has become a global yardstick for assessing water scarcity, the “Falkenmark index.” This was later followed by several pedagogical ways of framing the global water challenge, including “water crowding”, a log-log diagram that in two dimensions simultanously clarifies water scarcity predicaments, as well as green and blue water, now influencing work beyond the scientific arena, such as in policy discussions on integrated land-water resources management. Her green water analyses have been followed up by four generations of SU PhD dissertations (Johan Rockström (1997), Line Gordon (2003), Elin Enfors (2009), Patrick Keys (2016)). She is currently focussing on Sub-Saharan Africa’s water predicament, with focus on green water.
Falkenmark’s educational background is typical for the first generation of a new scientific sector: Fil Mag in mathematics, physics, chemistry, mechanics 1950 (Uppsala University); and Fil. Lic. in Hydrology where she studied “Bearing capacity of an ice sheet” (Uppsala University). Since 1986, she has held the position of Professor of Applied and International Hydrology.
Falkenmark’s main professions have been: 1) State Hydrologist at the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (1950s-60’s). 2) Research Secretary at Natural Science Research Council (1965-95), Executive Secretary, and later Chair of the Swedish National Committees for the IHD/IHP. 3) Stockholm Water Company, now known as Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI), (1991-2011) (scientific leadership of annual Stockholm Water Symposia/later World Water Week).
She has supervised a number of PhD students, and has also contributed to studies at Lund University’s Technical Water Resource Dept, (1970’s); Linköping University’s Water and Environmental Studies Department (1980-90’s); and Stockholm University’s Department of System’s Ecology and the Stockholm Resilience Centre (1991-current).
Falkenmark has held a number of positions in the policy sector. To name a few: Rapporteur General, UN Water Conference, Mar del Plata (1977); member of UN Committee on Energy and Natural Resources for Development (1998-2002); member of Technical Advisory Committee of Global Water Partnership (1997-2006); Editorial Committee member of numerous water journals (including Water Policy, Water International, International Journal of Water Resources Development).
She is also currently the senior scientific advisor to the general director of SIWI.
Some 20 of her most influential articles have been assembled in a five-section SRC-reader, ”New thinking on global water security: towards an ecohydrological perspective” (1. Land-water environment, 2. Water security, 3. Water pollution, 4. Water for food, 5. Water policies).
Awards and achievements:
Research news | 2019-01-14
Amid global environmental change, water becomes both the victim and the instigator for irreversible damage
Research news | 2018-06-19
Major population increases present Sub-Saharan Africa with complicated water-related challenges that requires a shift in water thinking
Research news | 2018-06-13
Celebrated for their work on furthering research on sustainable water management and resilience thinking
Research news | 2015-03-19
Nature Commentary: Meeting global food needs requires increased rainwater harvesting in Africa
2019 - Journal / article
Water is indispensable for Earth resilience and sustainable development. The capacity of social-ecological systems to deal with shocks, adapting to changing conditions and transforming in situations of crisis are fundamentally dependent on the functions of water to e.g., regulate the Earth’s climate, support biomass production, and supply water resources for human societies. However, massive, inter-connected, human interferenc...
2016 - Journal / article
This article addresses the need to profoundly expand the way we think about freshwater. Stressing water’s role as the bloodstream of the biosphere, the article highlights water’s functions in sustaining life on the planet (control, state and moisture feedback functions), the role of water partitioning changes in inducing non-linear change at multiple scales, and humanity’s influence on a social-ecological system’s capacity to ...
2015 - Policy brief or report
Water is crucial for human sustenance, health and dignity; as a driver for business; for food and energy security; and for the ecosystems upon which our societies and continued development depend. For this report, prepare as input to 2015 World Water Week – themed Water for Development – we (SIWI) have invited a wide range of experts with different perspectives on water and development to share their thinking and propose new a...