The scientific work of Nyström is captured by four broad research strains:
1) Research that explores the resilience and non-linear dynamics (i.e. thresholds, alternative states) in ecosystems
2) Research that identifies and explores the role of feedback mechanisms that trigger and/or reinforce particular ecological states and social-ecological trajectories
3) Research with the aim to operationalize resilience
4) With human social processes increasingly connecting people and life-support systems in ever more distant geographic locations, the fourth research strain has as an objective to disentangle cross-scale driver interactions in marine social-ecological systems, and among production ecosystems across sectors. This includes exploring how global biophysical (e.g. climate change) and socioeconomic (e.g. trade, financialization, human migration, technology, communication) interconnectivities emerge, interact, and shape the humans-biosphere relationship – and how this builds or erodes resilience at a global scale. In this work he collaborates with colleagues from disciplines including ecology, economics, sociology and development studies.
Nyström has published his work in several highly ranked scientific journals, such as Nature, Science, Trends in Ecology and Evolution, Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, Ecology Letters, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, among others.
He has lead several research projects; “Matching ecosystem dynamics and coral reef management by reserve networks” (Sida 2002-2005, PI), “The role of ecological resilience and governance for marine resources management” (Sida 2006-2008, PI), “Functional connectivity across scales in a shallow-water seascape of East Africa: implications for resource management” (Sida 2009-2011, co-PI), "The role of middlemen in small-scale fisheries" (Sida 2013-2016, co-PI), “A global analysis of coral reef regimes: patterns, drivers and functional indicators” (Formas 2015-2017, co-PI).
He has extensive teaching merits and has designed and executed numerous courses at Masters and PhD levels at Stockholm University. He is currently director of PhD studies at the SRC. He has supervised 8 PhD students (4 as main, 4 as co-supervisor) and 25 master students (as main supervisor). Nyström is also a leader for the SRC research stream “Patterns of the Anthropocene.”
He has background training in systems ecology, and marine and coral reef ecology, and holds a PhD in Marine Ecotoxicology from Stockholm University – “Coral reefs in a human-dominated environment – implications of altered disturbance regimes and reduced resilience” (2001).
Nyström also has an extensive collaborative research network, including, for example: Lancaster University (UK), ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University (Australia), National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS, USA), Scripps Institute (USA), Stanford University (USA), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and University of Hawaii (USA), John Wesley Powell Center for Analysis and Synthesis (USA), The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA), Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS), CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences (Australia), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) The Nature Conservancy, Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale National Marine Sanctuary, Hawaii (USA), The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA), Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS), CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences (Australia), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
Jean-Baptiste Jouffray, PhD candidate
Research news | 2019-07-28
Sophisticated risk frameworks operated by many international organizations, companies and governments ignore rapidly evolving global risks driven by environmental change
Research news | 2019-02-21
Coral reefs face a new reality dominated by human impact and it is time for traditional coral reef ecological paradigms to follow suit
Research news | 2019-02-13
New study uses machine learning and an unprecedented dataset from more than six hundred reefs to analyse coral reef tipping points
Research news | 2016-11-02
How much more fishing, nutrient pollution and climate change can the world’s coral reefs endure?
Global seafood trade leave consumers unaware of over-exploited marine ecosystems
Interview with Magnus Nyström on how to unlock feedbacks that keep marine ecosystems in undesired states.
2019 - Journal / article
Coral reefs worldwide face unprecedented cumulative anthropogenic effects of interacting local human pressures, global climate change and distal social processes. Reefs are also bound by the natural biophysical environment within which they exist. In this context, a key challenge for effective management is understanding how anthropogenic and biophysical conditions interact to drive distinct coral reef configurations. Here, w...
2019 - Journal / article
Resilience underpins the sustainability of both ecological and social systems. Extensive loss of reef corals following recent mass bleaching events have challenged the notion that support of system resilience is a viable reef management strategy. While resilience-based management (RBM) cannot prevent the damaging effects of major disturbances, such as mass bleaching events, it can support natural processes that promote resista...
2018 - Journal / article
We are in the Anthropocene—an epoch where humans are the dominant force of planetary change. Ecosystems increasingly reflect rapid human‐induced, socioeconomic and cultural selection rather than being a product of their surrounding natural biophysical setting. This poses the intriguing question: To what extent do existing ecological paradigms capture and explain the current ecological patterns and processes we observe? We arg...
2017 - Book chapter
Ecosystems are shaped by natural processes such as predator–prey interactions and climate, as well as by human activities such as harvesting and pollution. Resilient ecosystems are able to absorb disturbances, but chronic stressors may reduce the capacity of an ecosystem to cope with change (Trends Ecol Evol 15:413–417, 2000). The ability of ecosystems to absorb disturbance and at the same time maintain their structure, proces...