Koh’s research focuses on policy tools that increase funding for biodiversity conservation. The Convention on Biological Diversity has listed several “innovative financing mechanisms” for scaling up biodiversity financing, which includes payments for ecosystem services, biodiversity offsets, markets for green products and climate financing. However, using these financial mechanisms for conservation has been contested because of certain social and ecological risks.
Firstly, social risks are faced if access to land is restricted; communities may lose access to nature and livelihoods. Secondly, measuring biodiversity is complex; it is technically difficult to develop valuation methods and exchange rules for biodiversity. Her PhD analyses the institutional design and implementation of biodiversity financing mechanisms to safeguard good outcomes for people and nature. Safeguards are examined for both high and lower-income countries, such as Sweden and Madagascar.
Prior to joining the SRC, Koh worked with research and communications at the AtKisson Group where she contributed articles on the Sustainable Development Goal 14: Life below water at SDG14.net. She has also co-authored conference publications for the Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI), the Swedish International Centre of Education for Sustainable Development (SWEDESD), and the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce (SCC). Her background includes pricing analysis for Procter & Gamble Nordic and business development for start-ups in Malaysia.
Koh holds a joint Master in Sustainable Development from Uppsala University and the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, and a BSc in Business and Commerce from Monash University (Australia/Malaysia). She is a member of the Swedish Institute Alumni network, having received a scholarship from the Swedish government aimed at developing global leaders.
Awards and achievements:
Research news | 2019-02-13
Despite a variety of designs, the state plays a key role in all forms of policies around biodiversity offsetting
Research news | 2017-08-03
New study looks at ecological compensation, a novel legal and policy instrument, and how Sweden is using it to balance development and conservation of important biological and social areas
2019 - Journal / article
Biodiversity offsets (BO) are increasingly promoted and adopted by governments and companies worldwide as a policy instrument to compensate for biodiversity losses from infrastructure development projects. BO are often classified as ‘market-based instruments’ both by proponents and critics, but this representation fails to capture the varieties of how BO policies actually operate. To provide a framing for understanding the emp...
2017 - Journal / article
Ecological compensation (EC) is being explored as a policy instrument for the European Union’s ‘No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services’ initiative. EC is commonly associated with the Polluter-Pays Principle, but we propose the Developer-Pays Principle as a more comprehensive principle. Safeguards that are relevant to local and national contexts are needed when addressing social-ecological resilience in the face of ...