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Lin, B.B., Ossola, A., Alberti, M., Andersson, E., Bai, X., Dobbs, C., et.al. 2021. Integrating solutions to adapt cities for climate change. The Lancet Planetary Health. Viewpoint, Vol. 5, Issue 5, E479-E486, July 01, 2021, https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(21)00135-2
Record climate extremes are reducing urban liveability, compounding inequality, and threatening infrastructure. Adaptation measures that integrate technological, nature-based, and social solutions can provide multiple co-benefits to address complex socioecological issues in cities while increasing resilience to potential impacts. However, there remain many challenges to developing and implementing integrated solutions. In thi...
Spotswood, E., Benjamin, M., Stoneburner, L., Wheeler, M., Beller, E., Balk, D., McPhearson, T., Kuo, M., McDonald, R.. 2021. Nature inequity and higher COVID-19 case rates in less-green neighbourhoods in the United States. Nature Sustainability. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41893-021-00781-9
Urban nature—such as greenness and parks—can alleviate distress and provide space for safe recreation during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, nature is often less available in low-income populations and communities of colour—the same communities hardest hit by COVID-19. In analyses of two datasets, we quantified inequity in greenness and park proximity across all urbanized areas in the United States and linked greenness and par...
Frantzeskaki, N., McPhearson, T.. 2021. Mainstream Nature-Based Solutions for Urban Climate Resilience. BioScience. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biab105
Global urbanization over the last century has concentrated people, infrastructure, and economic activity in cities, pushing them to the front lines of damaging impacts of climate change and other social and economic shocks, including COVID-19. Extreme natural disasters in the last 3 years, such as Typhoon Mangkhut (in 2018) in the Philippines, Hurricane Maria (in 2017) and Florence (in 2018) in the United States, the reoccurri...
Galaz, V., Centeno, M.A., Callahan, P.W., Causevic, A., Patterson, T. et.al. 2021. Artificial intelligence, systemic risks, and sustainability. Technology in Society Volume 67, November 2021, 101741. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techsoc.2021.101741
Automated decision making and predictive analytics through artificial intelligence, in combination with rapid progress in technologies such as sensor technology and robotics are likely to change the way individuals, communities, governments and private actors perceive and respond to climate and ecological change. Methods based on various forms of artificial intelligence are already today being applied in a number of research ...
Pelling, M., Chow, W., Chu, E., Dawson, R., Dodman, D., Fraser, A., Hayward, B., Khirfan, L., McPhearson, T., Prakash, A., Ziervogel, G.. 2021. A climate resilience research renewal agenda: learning lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic for urban climate resilience. Climate and Development. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17565529.2021.1956411
Learning lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic opens an opportunity for enhanced research and action on inclusive urban resilience to climate change. Lessons and their implications are used to describe a climate resilience research renewal agenda. Three key lessons are identified. The first lesson is generic, that climate change risk coexists and interacts with other risks through overlapping social processes, conditions and dec...
Fushcia-Ann Hoover, Sara Meerow, Zbigniew J. Grabowski & Timon McPhearson (2021) Environmental justice implications of siting criteria in urban green infrastructure planning, Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning, DOI: 10.1080/1523908X.2021.1945916
Green infrastructure (GI) has become a panacea for cities working to enhance sustainability and resilience. While the rationale for GI primarily focuses on its multifunctionality (e.g. delivering multiple ecosystem services to local communities), uncertainties remain around how, for whom, and to what extent GI delivers these services. Additionally, many scholars increasingly recognize potential disservices of GI, including gen...
Rosenzweig, B.R., Cantis, P.H., Kim. Y., Cohn, A., Grove, K., et.al. 2021. The Value of Urban Flood Modeling. Earth's Future, Volume 9, Issue 1 January 2021, https://doi.org/10.1029/2020EF001739
Floods are important disturbances to urban socio-eco-technical systems and their meteorological drivers are projected to increase through the century due to global climate change. Urban flood models are numerical models that have the capability of representing the features of urban ecosystems and the mechanisms of flooding that impact them. They have the potential to play a critical role in flood risk assessment, operational r...
Andersson, E., Haase, D., Anderson, P. et al. What are the traits of a social-ecological system: towards a framework in support of urban sustainability. npj Urban Sustain 1, 14 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s42949-020-00008-4
To ensure that cities and urban ecosystems support human wellbeing and overall quality of life we need conceptual frameworks that can connect different scientific disciplines as well as research and practice. In this perspective, we explore the potential of a traits framework for understanding social-ecological patterns, dynamics, interactions, and tipping points in complex urban systems. To do so, we discuss what kind of fra...
Elmqvist, T., Andersson, E., McPhearson, T. et al. Urbanization in and for the Anthropocene. npj Urban Sustain 1, 6 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s42949-021-00018-w
Key insights on needs in urban regional governance - Global urbanization (the increasing concentration in urban settlements of the increasing world population), is a driver and accelerator of shifts in diversity, new cross-scale interactions, decoupling from ecological processes, increasing risk and exposure to shocks. Responding to the challenges of urbanization demands fresh commitments to a city–regional perspective in ways...
Zhou, W., Pickett, S.T.A. and McPhearson, T., 2021. Conceptual frameworks facilitate integration for transdisciplinary urban science. npj Urban Sustainability, 1(1), pp.1-11.
There are urgent calls for developing a comprehensive and globally-relevant urban science that emphasizes convergence among disciplines and practice. Advancing theory and conceptual frameworks is critical to developing a new urban systems science. We synthesize five frameworks that address features identified in calls for global urban science. The frameworks address the overarching urban conditions of complexity, diffuseness,...
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