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Grilo, F., Pinho, P., Aleixo, C., Catita, C., Silva, P., Lopes, N., Freitas, C., Santos-Reis, M., McPhearson, T. and Branquinho, C., 2020. Using green to cool the grey: Modelling the cooling effect of green spaces with a high spatial resolution. Science of The Total Environment, p.138182.
The urban heat island effect creates warmer and drier conditions in urban areas than in their surrounding rural areas. This effect is predicted to be exacerbated in the future, under a climate change scenario. One way to mitigate this effect is to use the urban green infrastructure as a way to promote the cooling island effect. In this study we aimed to model, with a high spatial resolution, how Mediterranean urban parks can b...
Journal / article
Creutzig, F., Lohrey, S., Bai, X, Baklarov, A., Dawson, R., et.al. 2019. Upscaling urban data science for global climate solutions. Global Sustainability, Volume 2, 2019, e2. DOI: 10.1017/sus.2018.16
Manhattan, Berlin and New Delhi all need to take action to adapt to climate change and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. While case studies on these cities provide valuable insights, comparability and scalability remain sidelined. It is therefore timely to review the state-of-the-art in data infrastructures, including earth observations, social media data, and how they could be better integrated to advance climate change sci...
Raudsepp‐Hearne, C., Peterson, G. D., Bennett, E. M., Biggs, R., Norström, A. V.. et.al. 2019. Seeds of good anthropocenes: developing sustainability scenarios for Northern Europe. Sustain Sci (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11625-019-00714-8
Scenario development helps people think about a broad variety of possible futures; however, the global environmental change community has thus far developed few positive scenarios for the future of the planet and humanity. Those that have been developed tend to focus on the role of a few common, large-scale external drivers, such as technology or environmental policy, even though pathways of positive change are often driven by...
Rosenzweig, B., Ruddell, B. L., McPhillips, L., Hobbins, R., Mcphearson, T., et.al. 2019. Developing knowledge systems for urban resilience to cloudburst rain events. Environmental Science & PolicyVolume 99, September 2019, Pages 150-159
Cities are particularly vulnerable to cloudbursts - short-duration, intense rainfall events – which are often inadequately addressed through conventional stormwater and flood management policy. Climate change is projected to increase the frequency and intensity of cloudbursts in many cities. As minor cloudburst events become more frequent and extreme events more severe, cities will need to rapidly transform their stormwater d...
Anderson, E., Langemeyer, J., Borgström, S., McPhearson, T., et.al. 2019. Enabling green and blue infrastructure to improvecontributions to human well-being and equity in urban systems. BioScience, , biz058, https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biz058
The circumstances under which different ecosystem service benefits can be realized differ. The benefits tend to be coproduced and to be enabled by multiple interacting social, ecological, and technological factors, which is particularly evident in cities. As many cities are undergoing rapid change, these factors need to be better understood and accounted for, especially for those most in need of benefits. We propose a framewor...
Frantzeskaki, N,, McPhearson, T., Collier, M.J., Kendal, D., Bulkeley, H., Dumitru, A., Walsh, et.al. 2019. Nature-based solutions for urban climate change adaptation: linking the science, policy, and practice community for evidence-based decision-making. BioScience, doi:10.1093/biosci/biz042
Nature-based solutions offer an exciting prospect for resilience building and advancing urban planning to address complex urban challenges simultaneously. In this article, we formulated through a coproduction process in workshops held during the first IPCC Cities and Climate Science Conference in Edmonton, Canada, in March 2018, a series of synthesis statements on the role, potential, and research gaps of nature-based solution...
Hölscher., K., Frantzeskaki, N., McPhearson, T., Loorbach, D. 2019. Tales of transforming cities: Transformative climate governance capacities in New York City, U.S. and Rotterdam, Netherlands. Journal of Environmental Management Volume 231, 1 February 2019, Pages 843-857 DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.10.043
Climate change actions in cities worldwide are driving deep changes in urban governance. We ask whether new capacities for transformative climate governance are emerging in two cities that have experimented with urban climate governance: Rotterdam, the Netherlands, and New York City (NYC), United States. Transformative climate governance creates the conditions for developing integrated and innovative climate mitigation and ada...
Elmqvist, T., Andersson, E. Frantzeskaki, N. et.al. 2019. Sustainability and resilience for transformation in the urban century, Nature Sustainability volume 2, pages 267–273 (2019)
We have entered the urban century and addressing a broad suite of sustainability challenges in urban areas is increasingly key for our chances to transform the entire planet towards sustainability. For example, cities are responsible for 70% of global greenhouse gas emissions and, at the same time, 90% of urban areas are situated on coastlines, making the majority of the world’s population increasingly vulnerable to climate ch...
Keeler, B.,L., Hamel, P., McPhearson, T., et. al. 2019. Social-ecological and technological factors moderate the value of urban nature. Nature Sustainability volume 2, pages 29–38
Urban nature has the potential to improve air and water quality, mitigate flooding, enhance physical and mental health, and promote social and cultural well-being. However, the value of urban ecosystem services remains highly uncertain, especially across the diverse social, ecological and technological contexts represented in cities around the world. We review and synthesize research on the contextual factors that moderate the...
Pereira L. E. Bennett, R. Biggs, G.D., Peterson, T., McPhearson, A., Norström, P. Olsson, R. Preiser, C. Raudsepp-Hearne, J. Vervoort. 2018. Seeds of the future in the present: Exploring pathways for navigating towards “Good” Anthropocenes. Chapter 16 (p327-350) in: Urban Planet: Knowledge Towards Sustainable Cities. Elmqvist T., X. Bai, N. Frantzeskaki, C. Griffith, D. Maddox, T. McPhearson, S. Parnell, P. Romero-Lankao, D. Simon, M. Watkins (eds). Cambridge University Press.
The rapid urbanization associated with the Anthropocene provides an imperative for humans to think diff erently about the future. The “seeds” approach describes how niche experiments can, over time, coalesce to shift the dominant regime onto a more sustainable trajectory. Urban transformations are complex phenomena; the seeds approach is a tool that can help us understand how transformations occur and how to nudge them towards...
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