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Schill, C., J. M. Anderies, T. Lindahl, C. Folke, S. Polasky, J. C. Cárdenas, A.-S. Crépin, M. A. Janssen, J. Norberg, and M. Schlüter. 2019. A more dynamic understanding of human behaviour for the Anthropocene. Nature Sustainability 2:1075–1082.
Human behaviour is of profound significance in shaping pathways towards sustainability. Yet, the approach to understanding human behaviour in many fields remains reliant on overly simplistic models. For a better understanding of the interface between human behaviour and sustainability, we take work in behavioural economics and cognitive psychology as a starting point, but argue for an expansion of this work by adopting a more ...
Lade, S.J., Norberg, J., Anderies, J.M.,, Beer, C. et.al. 2019. Potential feedbacks between loss of biosphere integrity and climate change. Global Sustainability, Volume 2 2019, e21. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/sus.2019.18
Individual organisms on land and in the ocean sequester massive amounts of the carbon emitted into the atmosphere by humans. Yet the role of ecosystems as a whole in modulating this uptake of carbon is less clear. Here, we study several different mechanisms by which climate change and ecosystems could interact. We show that climate change could cause changes in ecosystems that reduce their capacity to take up carbon, further a...
Dakos, V., Matthews, B., Hendry, A.P., Levine, J., et.al. 2019. Ecosystem tipping points in an evolving world. Nature Ecology & Evolutionvolume 3, pages355–362 (2019)
There is growing concern over tipping points arising in ecosystems because of the crossing of environmental thresholds. Tipping points lead to abrupt and possibly irreversible shifts between alternative ecosystem states, potentially incurring high societal costs. Trait variation in populations is central to the biotic feedbacks that maintain alternative ecosystem states, as they govern the responses of populations to environme...
Journal / article
Mazziotta, A., Granath, G., Rydin, H., Bengtsson, F. and Norberg, J., 2018. Scaling functional traits to ecosystem processes: towards a mechanistic understanding in peat mosses. Journal of Ecology.
1. The role of trait trade -offs and environmental filtering in explaining the variability in functional traits and ecosystem processes has received considerable attention for vascular plants but less so for bryophytes. Thus, we do not know whether the same forces also shape the phenotypic variability of bryophytes. Here, we assess how environmental gradients and trade -offs shape functional traits and subse -quently ecosystem...
Lade, S. J., Donges, J. F., Fetzer, I., Anderies, J. M., Beer, C., Cornell, S. E., Gasser, T., Norberg, J., Richardson, K., Rockström, J., and Steffen, W. 2018. Analytically tractable climate–carbon cycle feedbacks under 21st century anthropogenic forcing, Earth Syst. Dynam., 9, 507-523, https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-9-507-2018, 2018.
Changes to climate–carbon cycle feedbacks may significantly affect the Earth system’s response to greenhouse gas emissions. These feedbacks are usually analysed from numerical output of complex and arguably opaque Earth system models. Here, we construct a stylised global climate–carbon cycle model, test its output against comprehensive Earth system models, and investigate the strengths of its climate–carbon cycle feedbacks ...
Journal / article
Lindkvist E., Ekeberg, Ö., Norberg, J. 2017. Strategies for sustainable management of renewable resources during environmental change. Proc. R. Soc. B 284: 20162762. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2016.2762
As a consequence of global environmental change, management strategies that can deal with unexpected change in resource dynamics are becoming increasingly important. In this paper we undertake a novel approach to studying resource growth problems using a computational form of adaptive management to find optimal strategies for prevalent natural resource management dilemmas. We scrutinize adaptive management, or learning-by-doin...
Moor, H., Rydin, H., Hylander, K., Nilsson, M.B., Lindborg, R., Norberg, J. 2016. Towards a trait-based ecology of wetland vegetation. Journal of Ecology, accepted online 11 January 2017. doi: 10.1111/1365-2745.12734
1. Functional traits mechanistically capture plant responses to environmental gradients as well as plant effects on ecosystem functioning. Yet most trait-based theory stems from terrestrial systems and extension to other habitats can provide new insights. 2. Wetlands differ from terrestrial systems in conditions (e.g. soil water saturation, anoxia, pH extremes), plant adaptations (e.g. aerenchyma, clonality, ubiquity of bryo...
Journal / article
Moor, H., K. Hylander, J. Norberg. 2015. Predicting climate change effects on wetland ecosystem services using species distribution modeling and plant functional traits. Ambio 44: 113–126.
Wetlands provide multiple ecosystem services, the sustainable use of which requires knowledge of the underlying ecological mechanisms. Functional traits, particularly the community-weighted mean trait (CWMT), provide a strong link between species communities and ecosystem functioning. We here combine species distribution modeling and plant functional traits to estimate the direction of change of ecosystem processes under cli...
Enquist, B.J., J. Norberg Scaling from traits to ecosystems: Developing a general trait driver theory via integrating trait-based and metabolic scaling theories, S.P. Bonser, C. Violle, C.T. Webb, A. Henderson, L.L. Sloat, V.M. Savage. 2015.. Advances in Ecological Research 52: 249–318.
The rise of trait-based ecology has led to an increased focus on the distribution and dynamics of traits in communities. However, a general theory of trait-based ecology, that can apply across different scales (e.g., species that differ in size) and gradients (e.g., temperature), has yet to be formulated. While research focused on metabolic and allometric scaling theory provides the basis for such a theory it does not explic...
Queiroz, C., M. Meacham, K. Richter, A.V. Norström, E. Andersson, J. Norberg, G. Peterson. 2015. Mapping bundles of ecosystem services reveals distinct types of multifunctionality within a Swedish landscape. Ambio 44: 89–101
Ecosystem services (ES) is a valuable concept to be used in the planning and management of social–ecological landscapes. However, the understanding of the determinant factors affecting the interaction between services in the form of synergies or trade-offs is still limited. We assessed the production of 16 ES across 62 municipalities in the Norrström drainage basin in Sweden. We combined GIS data with publically available i...
Stockholm Resilience Centre is a collaboration between Stockholm University and the Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
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