Carl Folke is science director, co-founder and in the leadership of the SRC. He is also Director of the Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
In addition to engagement with SRC research streams and themes, he is director of the Global Economic Dynamics and the Biosphere (GEDB) Academy Programme, the IPO of PECS, Future Earth, and principal investigator (with Gretchen Daily) of a Wallenberg Foundation Stanford exchange programme on natural capital, resilience and biosphere stewardship. He is involved in the GRAID programme, the Nereus Program, Predicting the Future Ocean, and in two Nordic Centre of Excellence (NorMer, GreenMar). Carl was also partner investigator in the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, JCU, Australia for about ten years.
Since the mid-1980s he has broken new grounds in understanding the dynamic interplay of humans and nature, of economy and ecology, and developed research on social-ecological systems and resilience thinking from management and stewardship of ecosystem services in the seas and on the land to global sustainability. He has more than 30 years of experience in collaborating across disciplines, has produced some three-hundred publications (>25 in high impact scientific journals, such as Nature, Science, and PNAS) and is recognized as a highly cited researcher. He has created inter- and transdisciplinary collaborative platforms and contributed to the development of new areas of research, concepts and approaches that have spread across science, education, policy and practice diciplines, and more recently into the business community. Carl’s work has illustrated how progress, prosperity and wellbeing will benefit from reconnecting development to the biosphere.
He has degrees in both economics, business, and administration, and in biology with a focus on ecology. Carl defended his PhD 1990 on the role of life-supporting ecosystems for social and economic development. He became an accociate professor in 1994, and full professor 1996 of natural resource management. He worked as Deputy Director of the Beijer Institute 1991-1996, Chair of the Natural Resource Management branch of Department of Systems Ecology 1997-2007 and Director of the Center for Transdisciplinary Environmental Research (CTM), Stockholm University 1999-2006.
He is among the founders of the Resilience Alliance, a board member, and in the Executive Committee (1999-2015). He was involved in the development of the International Society for Ecological Economics (ISEE) working as Secretary of ISEE for about 5 years, and engaged in the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, the subglobal assessments in particular. Carl shares the position as Editor-in-Chief of Ecology and Society (with Lance Gunderson) and serves on the editorial board of about ten international journals.
He has taken part in the development of the South American Institute for Resilience and Sustainability Studies (SARAS), Maldonado, Uruguay. Currently, Carl serves on a number of advisory boards, including the United Nations University’s Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability (Tokyo, Japan), and the Waterloo Institute for Complexity and Innovation, University of Waterloo (Canada). Previous boards include: the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS), the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change (IHDP), the Stockholm Environment Institute, the STEPS Centre, and the ESRC Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy. He has served on boards and committees of research councils, UN organisations, the Swedish Government and various organizations in Sweden and internationally.
Carl is engaged with the Global Resilience Partnership (GRP) convened by the Rockefeller Foundation, USAID, and the Swedish development agency, Sida. The GRP is focused on experimenting with new approaches to development aid. He is co-organizer of the Keystone Actors dialogues for ocean stewardship with leading multinational seafood businesses and the SeaBos initiative, member of the independent tripartite High Level Group on Innovation Policy Management (HLG) advising the EU institutions, the Advisory Board of EAT (food, health, sustainability), Chair of the Scientific Committee of the Volvo Environment Prize and Scientific Committee of the Kenneth E. Boulding Memorial Award. He has given over 200 scientific presentations including keynotes and lectures worldwide, numerous public lectures and seminars for diverse audiences, and interviews in media. He has a long record of science, policy and practice collaboration, working with key actors from local landscapes in Sweden to international bodies and enterprises.
He started an institute for science communication, Albaeco, in the late 1990s and is genuinely engaged in the arts-science interface. He has developed several exhibitions like “Changing Matters – The Resilience Art Exhibition” 2008, “Reflections – On People and the Biosphere”, with installations at the art venue Artipelag 2014 and the Raoul Wallenberg Square 2015, Stockholm, and co-developed the exhibition Patterns of the Biosphere 2015 at Svenskt Tenn, Stockholm.
Awards and achievements:
Research news | 2017-08-08
Centre scientists and CEO’s of world largest seafood companies form coalition to turn seafood industry more sustainable. New PNAS study highlights the importance and process of science-business partnerships
Research news | 2017-05-04
Recognised for "distinguished and continuing achievements in original research"
Research news | 2017-02-27
New publication presents progress toward tools and approaches for working with diverse knowledge systems in ecosystem assessments
Research news | 2016-12-23
Carl Folke, centre founder and science director, named one of the world's most cited researchers in 2016
2017 - Journal / article
The ocean is under considerable pressure originating from diverse human activities on land and in the water. While substantial literature has focused on how science interacts with policy, relatively little is known about interactions between science and business. Here, we describe: ( i ) the process of identifying “keystone actors” in marine ecosystems, namely globally operating corporations engaged in fisheries and aquacultu...
2017 - Journal / article
Marine ecosystem science has developed since the 1940s, when humans obtained the ability to spend substantial time underneath the surface of the ocean. Since then, and drawing on several decades of scientific advances, a number of exciting research frontiers have emerged. We find: Understanding interacting drivers of change, Identifying thresholds in ecosystems, and Investigating social-ecological dynamics to represent particu...
2017 - Journal / article
Indigenous peoples and local communities live in, manage and own vast areas often rich in biodiversity and critical for ecosystem services. Bridging indigenous and local knowledge systems with scientific knowledge systems is vital to enhance knowledge, practice, and ethics to move towards sustainability at multiple scales. We focus on international science-policy processes and present a framework for evidence-based guidance on...
2016 - Journal / article
The concept of ecological solidarity (ES) is a major feature of the 2006 law reforming national park policy in France. In the context of biodiversity conservation, the objectives of this study are to outline the historical development of ES, provide a working definition, and present a method for its implementation that combines environmental pragmatism and adaptive management. First, we highlight how ES provides a focus on the...