The Planetary Boundaries framework has now been updated, published in Science on 16 January 2015. Read more here and find the figures and data from the 2015 article here.
Crossing these boundaries could generate abrupt or irreversible environmental changes. Respecting the boundaries reduces the risks to human society of crossing these thresholds.
The framework was first introduced in 2009, when a group of 28 internationally renowned scientists identified and quantified the first set of nine planetary boundaries within which humanity can continue to develop and thrive for generations to come.
Since the planetary boundaries were first presented, researchers from around the world have been working to advance the concept.
Read more about ongoing research here
Discussions of the Planetary Boundaries concept:
Johan Rockström: addressing some key misconceptions (2009 paper)
Planetary Boundaries concept is valuable for policy (2009 paper)
For direct inquiries about the planetary boundaries concept and its research, please contact:
Planetary boundaries coordinator
Phone +46 (0) 73 707 8580
Download supplementary information from the 2009 publication (pdf, 425.1 kB)
Download Planetary Boundaries for Business (pdf, 937.4 kB)
Download 2015 Planetary Boundaries illustration * (credit: F. Pharand-Deschênes /Globaïa)
Download 2015 Planetary Boundaries illustration in black and white (credit: J. Lokrantz/Azote Images)
Download 2009 Planetary Boundaries illustration JPG* (credit: Azote Images/Stockholm Resilience Centre)
Download 2009 Planetary Boundaries illustration EPS* (credit: Azote Images/Stockholm Resilience Centre)
Download Swedish version of 2015 Planetary Boundaries illustration (credit: Azote Images/Stockholm Resilience Centre)
*The 2009 and 2015 illustrations are free to use in publications, scientific or otherwise, describing the planetary boundaries concept. Correct credit is required.
Research news | 2018-05-21
Four cases of participatory foresight exercises show impact is not a given. Here’s how to fix it
Research news | 2018-05-17
Applying Elinor Ostrom’s principles on common pool resources management demonstrates how forest management in the Pamir Mountains may not be so tragic after all. But Soviet era legacy lingers, new research shows
Research news | 2018-05-14
To create change in coastal districts of Kenya and Mozambique, dominant narratives must be challenged by stories rooted in people’s lived experiences
Research news | 2018-04-26
Construction of roads and water channels across Colombia’s Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta wetlands has altered the landscape to the point of surpassing mangrove ecosystem tipping points
Research news | 2018-04-26
Over 100 scientists, architects, journalists, artists, designers and activists provide perspectives on what future urban sustainability should look like
Research news | 2018-04-19
New study of UNESCO biosphere reserves sheds light on how people learn to live with social-ecological complexity