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Qiu, J., Queiroz, C., Bennett, E., Cord, A., Crouzat, E., Lavorel, S., Maes, J., Meacham, M., Norström, A., Peterson, G., Seppelt, R., Turner, M.. 2021. Land-use intensity mediates ecosystem service tradeoffs across regional social-ecological systems. Ecosystems and People. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/26395916.2021.1925743
A key sustainability challenge in human-dominated landscapes is how to reconcile competing demands such as food production, water quality, climate regulation, and ecological amenities. Prior research has documented how efforts to prioritize desirable ecosystem services such as food and fiber have often led to tradeoffs with other services. However, the growing literature has revealed different and sometimes contradictory patt...
Herrero, M., Thornton, P., Mason-D'Croz, D., Palmer, J., Bodirsky, B., Pradhan, P., Barrett, C., Benton, T., Hall, A., Pikaar, I., Bogard, J., Bonnett, G., Bryan, B., Campbell, B., Christensen, S., Clark, M., Fanzo, J., Godde, C., Jarvis, A., Loboguerrero, A., Mathys, A., McIntyre, C., Naylor, R., Nelson, R., Obersteiner, M., Parodi, A., Popp, A., Ricketts, K., Smith, P., Valin, H., Vermeulen, S., Vervoort, J., van Wijk, M., van Zanten, H., West, P., Wood, S., Rockström, J.. 2021. Articulating the effect of food systems innovation on the Sustainable Development Goals. The Lancet Planetary Health Volume 5, Issue 1, January 2021, Pages e50-e62, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s2542-5196(20)30277-1
Food system innovations will be instrumental to achieving multiple Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). However, major innovation breakthroughs can trigger profound and disruptive changes, leading to simultaneous and interlinked reconfigurations of multiple parts of the global food system. The emergence of new technologies or social solutions, therefore, have very different impact profiles, with favourable consequences for s...
Pihl, E., Alfredsson, E., Bengtsson, M., Bowen, K., Cástan Broto, V., Chou, K., et.al. 2021. Ten new insights in climate science 2020 – a horizon scan. Global Sustainability, 4, E5. doi:10.1017/sus.2021.2
We summarize some of the past year's most important findings within climate change-related research. New research has improved our understanding of Earth's sensitivity to carbon dioxide, finds that permafrost thaw could release more carbon emissions than expected and that the uptake of carbon in tropical ecosystems is weakening. Adverse impacts on human society include increasing water shortages and impacts on mental health. ...
Pan, H., Page, J., Cong, C., Barthel, S., Kalantari, Z.. 2021. How ecosystems services drive urban growth: Integrating nature-based solutions. Anthropocene Volume 35, September 2021, 100297, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ancene.2021.100297
Addressing urban challenges with nature-based approaches can improve and protect ecosystem services. Yet, urban planning has not efficiently integrated such approaches to manage land use. This paper examines interactions between human and natural systems that result in ecosystem services and changes in land use and land cover in urban areas. It develops a social-ecological model for land use and land cover change, and for eco...
Andersson, E.. 2021. The role of science in finding solutions to wicked, systemic problems. Ambio, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13280-021-01525-x
Why did solution-oriented research emerge and grow strong within Ambio ? What was the identified need? Ambio ’s aims and objectives state that “ Ambio particularly encourages multi- or inter-disciplinary submissions with explicit management or policy recommendations”. While this certainly encourages solution-oriented research it does not sufficiently describe what solution-oriented research is. With its focus on the hum...
Naylor, R.L., Hardy, R.W., Buschmann, A.H. et al. 2021. A 20-year retrospective review of global aquaculture. Nature 591, 551–563 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-021-03308-6
The sustainability of aquaculture has been debated intensely since 2000, when a review on the net contribution of aquaculture to world fish supplies was published in Nature . This paper reviews the developments in global aquaculture from 1997 to 2017, incorporating all industry sub-sectors and highlighting the integration of aquaculture in the global food system. Inland aquaculture—especially in Asia—has contributed the mos...
Crona, B., Folke, C., Galaz, V. 2021. The Anthropocene reality of financial risk. One Earth, Vol. 4, Issue 5, P618-628, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oneear.2021.04.016
Globally, financial services are well positioned to contribute to the transformation needed for sustainable futures and will be critical for supporting corporate activities that regenerate and promote biosphere resilience as a key strategy to confront the new risk landscape of the Anthropocene. While current financial risk frameworks focus primarily on financial materiality and risks to the financial sector, failure to accoun...
Spijkers, J., Merrie, A., Wabnitz, C.C., Osborne, M., Mobjörk, M., Bodin, Ö., Selig, E.R., Le Billon, P., Hendrix, C.S., Singh, G.G. and Keys, P.W., 2021. Exploring the future of fishery conflict through narrative scenarios. One Earth. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oneear.2021.02.004
Recent studies suggest that the pervasive impacts on global fishery resources caused by stressors such as overfishing and climate change could dramatically increase the likelihood of fishery conflict. However, existing projections do not consider wider economic, social, or political trends when assessing the likelihood of, and influences on, future conflict trajectories. In this paper, we build four future fishery conflict sc...
Samuelsson, K., Chen, T-H. K., Antonsen, S. Brandt, A.S. et.al. 2021. Residential environments across Denmark have become both denser and greener over 20 years. Environ. Res. Lett. 16 014022, https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/abcf7a
Despite much attention in the literature, knowledge about the dynamics surrounding urban densification and urban greening is still in dire need for architects, urban planners and scientists that strive to design, develop, and regenerate sustainable and resilient urban environments. Here, we investigate countrywide patterns of changes in residential density and residential nature at high spatial resolution over a time period of...
Farmery, A.K, Allison, E.H., Andrew, N.L., Troell, M., Voyer, M. et.al. 2021. Blind spots in visions of a “blue economy” could undermine the ocean's contribution to eliminating hunger and malnutrition. One Earth, Vol. 4, Issue 1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oneear.2020.12.002
Increasing the production of food from the ocean is seen as a pathway toward more sustainable and healthier human diets. Yet this potential is being overshadowed by competing uses of ocean resources in an accelerating “blue economy.” The current emphasis on production growth, rather than equitable distribution of benefits, has created three unexamined or flawed assumptions that growth in the blue economy will lead to growth i...
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