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Sanga, U., Sidibé, A., Olabisi, L.. 2021. Dynamic pathways of barriers and opportunities for food security and climate adaptation in Southern Mali. World Development. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2021.105663
Barriers to food security and climate adaptation operate in complex and dynamic ways but are often perceived as static impediments to be overcome. In this study, we apply systems thinking for the assessment of barriers in agricultural decision-making for food security and climate adaptation. Using a mixed-method approach of participatory simulation game design and causal loop diagrams, we explore the dynamic pathways through ...
Sanga, U., Park, H., Wagner, C., Shah, S., Ligmann-Zielinska, A. 2021. How do farmers adapt to agricultural risks in northern India? An agent-based exploration of alternate theories of decision-making. Journal of Environmental Management. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.113353
Agricultural decision-making processes occur in complex and dynamic environments and are highly contextual. Despite evidence to the contrary, utility maximization is often the implicit theoretical assumption underlying agricultural decision-making processes. This study undertakes an exploratory approach to test alternative theories of human decision-making on the process of agricultural adaptation of farmers in India by synth...
Brockhaus, M., Di Gregorio, M., Djoudi, H., Moelino, M. et.al. 2021. The forest frontier in the Global South: Climate change policies and the promise of development and equity. Ambio, https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-021-01602-1
Halting forest loss and achieving sustainable development in an equitable manner require state, nonstate actors, and entire societies in the Global North and South to tackle deeply established patterns of inequality and power relations embedded in forest frontiers. Forest and climate governance in the Global South can provide an avenue for the transformational change needed—yet, does it? We analyse the politics and power in f...
Short, R., Cox, D., Ling Tan, Y., Bethel, A., Eales, J., Garside, R.. 2021. Review of the evidence for oceans and human health relationships in Europe: A systematic map. Environment International. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2020.106275
Globally, there is increasing scientific evidence of critical links between the oceans and human health, with research into issues such as pollution, harmful algal blooms and nutritional contributions. However, Oceans and Human Health (OHH) remains an emerging discipline. As such these links are poorly recognized in policy efforts such as the Sustainable Development Goals, with OHH not included in either marine (SDG14) or heal...
Downing, A., Wong, G.Y., Dyer, M., Aguiar, A. P., Selomane, O., Jimenez Aceituno, A. 2021. When the whole is less than the sum of all parts – Tracking global-level impacts of national sustainability initiatives. Global Environmental Change Volume 69, July 2021, 102306, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2021.102306
The United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are described as integrated and indivisible, where sustainability challenges must be addressed across sectors and scales to achieve global-level sustainability. However, SDG monitoring mostly focuses on tracking progress at national-levels, for each goal individually. This approach ignores local and cross-border impacts of national policies and assumes that global-level ...
Crona, B., Wassénius, E., Lillepold, K., Watson, R., Selig, E., Hicks, C., Österblom, H., Folke, C., Jouffray, J., Blasiak, R.. 2021. Sharing the seas: a review and analysis of ocean sector interactions. Environmental Research Letters. http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ac02ed
Ocean activities are rapidly expanding as Blue Economy discussions gain traction, creating new potential synergies and conflicts between sectors. To better manage ocean sectors and their development, we need to understand how they interact and the respective outcomes of these interactions. To provide a first comprehensive picture of the situation, we review 3187 articles to map and analyze interactions between economically im...
Rocha, J., Lanyon, C., Peterson, G.. 2021. Upscaling the resilience assessment through comparative analysis. SocArXiv. July 8. doi:10.31235/osf.io/9ju2z.
Resilience is the capacity of any system to maintain its function, structure and identity despite disturbances. Assessing resilience has been elusive due to high levels of abstraction that are difficult to empirically test, or the lack of high quality data required once appropriate proxies are identified. Most resilience assessments are limited to specific situation arenas, making comparision one of the unresolved challenges. ...
Naylor, R.L., Hardy, R.W., Buschmann, A.H. et al. 2021. Publisher Correction: A 20-year retrospective review of global aquaculture. Nature 595, E36, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-021-03736-4
Queiroz, C., Norström, A., Downing, A., Harmáčková, Z., De Coning, C., Adams, V., Bakarr, M., Baedeker, T., Chitate, A., Gaffney, O., Gordon, L., Hainzelin, É., Howlett, D., Krampe, F., Loboguerrero, A., Nel, D., Okollet, C., Rebermark, M., Rockström, J., Smith, M., Wabbes-Candotti, S., Matthews, N.. 2021. Investment in resilient food systems in the most vulnerable and fragile regions is critical. Nature Food. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s43016-021-00345-2
Reversing the alarming trend of rising food insecurity requires transformations towards just, sustainable and healthy food systems with an explicit focus on the most vulnerable and fragile regions. Global food insecurity fell for decades, but it is steadily rising again 1 . A primary driver of this alarming trend is the double burden of climate shocks and violent conflict in areas that are already food insecure. The recent ...
Pranindita, A., Wang-Erlandsson, L., Fetzer, I., Teuling, A.. 2021. Moisture recycling and the potential role of forests as moisture source during European heatwaves. Climate Dynamics. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-021-05921-7
Heatwaves are extreme weather events that have become more frequent and intense in Europe over the past decades. Heatwaves are often coupled to droughts. The combination of them lead to severe ecological and socio-economic impacts. Heatwaves can self-amplify through internal climatic feedback that reduces local precipitation. Understanding the terrestrial sources of local precipitation during heatwaves might help identify mit...
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