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Kornhuber, K., Coumou, D., Vogel, E., Lesk, C., Donges, J.F., Lehmann, J. and Horton, R.M., 2020. Amplified Rossby waves enhance risk of concurrent heatwaves in major breadbasket regions. Nature Climate Change, 10(1), pp.48-53.
In an interconnected world, simultaneous extreme weather events in distant regions could potentially impose high-end risks for societies. In the mid-latitudes, circumglobal Rossby waves are associated with a strongly meandering jet stream and might cause simultaneous heatwaves and floods across the northern hemisphere. For example, in the summer of 2018, several heat and rainfall extremes occurred near-simultaneously. Here we...
Rocha, J., Mazzeo, N., Piaggio, M. and Carriquiry, M., 2020. Seeking sustainable pathways for land use in Latin America. Ecology and Society, 25(3).
Achieving sustainable development goals in Latin America, and doing resilience research for that matter, has its own challenges. The Global South is faced with different types of problems, and therefore solutions, in achieving global sustainability ambitions (Nagendra 2018, Nagendra et al. 2018). Although each country has its own particularities, the region shares a recent colonial past that focused on natural resource extract...
Harker-Schuch, I., Lade, S., Mills, F. and Colvin, R., 2020. Opinions of 12 to 13-year-olds in Austria and Australia on the concern, cause and imminence of climate change. Ambio, pp.1-17.
Early adolescence (12–13 years old) is a critical but under-researched demographic for the formation of attitudes related to climate change. We address this important area by exploring adolescent views about climate change. This paper presents opinions collected from surveys of 463 1st-year secondary school students (12–13 years old) in public secondary schools in inner-urban centres in Austria and Australia on whether climate...
Luers, A., Garard, J., Clair, A.L.S., Gaffney, O., Hassenboehler, T., Langlois, L., Mougeot, M. and Luccioni, S., 2020. Leveraging Digital Disruptions for a Climate-Safe and Equitable World: The Dˆ2S Agenda:[Commentary]. IEEE Technology and Society Magazine, 39(2), pp.18-31.
A new report, Digital Disruptions for Sustainability Agenda (the DA2S Agenda), developed by Future Earth's Sustainability in the Digital Age initiative is discussed in this paper. The DA2S Agenda was developed over the course of a year, engaging over 250 experts from around the world through workshops, online consultations, and desktop research. This article provides an overview of the analysis and findings outlined in the DA2...
Enqvist, J., Ziervogel, G., Metelerkamp, L., van Breda, J., Dondi, N., Lusithi, T., Mdunyelwa, A., Mgwigwi, Z., Mhlalisi, M., Myeza, S. and Nomela, G., 2020. Informality and water justice: community perspectives on water issues in Cape Town’s low-income neighbourhoods. International Journal of Water Resources Development, pp.1-22.
Cape Town’s water injustices are entrenched by the mismatch between government interventions and the lived realities in many informal settlements and other low-income areas. This transdisciplinary study draws on over 300 stories from such communities, showing overwhelming frustration with the municipality’s inability to address leaking pipes, faulty bills and poor sanitation. Cape Town’s interventions typically rely on technic...
Avery, R.S., Greenwood, S.L., Schenk, F., Morén, B.M., Armstrong Mckay, D.I., Brunnberg, L. and Wohlfarth, B., A 725‐year integrated offshore terrestrial varve chronology for southeastern Sweden suggests rapid ice retreat~ 15 ka BP. Boreas.
The Swedish Varve Chronology is an unparalleled tool for linking the deglacial history of Sweden with associated palaeo‐environmental change at an annual time scale, and it forms part of Sweden's cultural heritage. A full deglacial chronology connected to the present day does not yet exist; a notable gap is in southeasternmost Sweden, where few varved records are successfully connected to reconstruct ice‐margin retreat. Deglac...
Martín-López, B., Balvanera, P., Manson, R., Mwampamba, T.H. and Norström, A., 2020. Contributions of place-based social-ecological research to address global sustainability challenges. Global Sustainability, 3.
Humanity depends on nature for life support, but human activities are changing ecosystems around the world in profound ways (Díaz et al., 2019). In parallel, this enterprise has expanded into the Anthropocene and resulted in a highly interconnected world with cross-scale interactions linking human communities and ecosystems. In essence, this means that local events can escalate into global challenges and local places are conti...
Cumming, G.S., Epstein, G., Anderies, J.M., Apetrei, C.I., Baggio, J., Bodin, Ö., Chawla, S., Clements, H.S., Cox, M., Egli, L., Gurney, G.G., Lubell, M., Magliocca, N., Morrison, T.H., Müller, B., Seppelt, R., Schlüter, M., Unnikrishnan, H., Villamayor-Tomas, S., Weible, C.M., 2020. Advancing understanding of natural resource governance: a post-Ostrom research agenda. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 44, 26–34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2020.02.005
Institutions are vital to the sustainability of social-ecological systems, balancing individual and group interests and coordinating responses to change. Ecological decline and social conflict in many places, however, indicate that our understanding and fostering of effective institutions for natural resource management is still lacking. We assess theoretical and methodological challenges facing positivist institutional analy...
Nasser, F., Maguire-Rajpaul, V.A., Dumenu, W.K. and Wong, G.Y., 2020. Climate-smart cocoa in Ghana: How ecological modernisation discourse risks side-lining cocoa smallholders. Front. Sustain. Food Syst., 28 May 2020, https://doi.org/10.3389/fsufs.2020.00073
Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) aims to transform and reorient farming systems to decrease greenhouse gas emissions, boost adaptive capacity, and improve productivity while supporting incomes and, ostensibly, food security. In Ghana—the world's second biggest cocoa producer—the cocoa sector is challenged by increasing global cocoa demand, climate change impacts, as well as mounting consumer pressure over cocoa's deforestation....
Otto, S.A., Niiranen, S., Blenckner, T., Tomczak, M.T., Müller-Karulis, B., Rubene, G. and Möllmann, C., 2020. Life Cycle Dynamics of a Key Marine Species Under Multiple Stressors. Frontiers in Marine Science, 7, p.296.
Identifying key indicator species, their life cycle dynamics and the multiple driving forces they are affected by is an important step in ecosystem-based management. Similarly important is understanding how environmental changes and trophic interactions shape future trajectories of key species with potential implications for ecosystem state and service provision. We here present a statistical modeling framework to assess and q...
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