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Woodhead, A., Graham, N., Robinson, J., Norström, A., Bodin, N., Marie, S., Balett, M., Hicks, C.. 2021. Fishers perceptions of ecosystem service change associated with climate‐disturbed coral reefs. People and Nature. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pan3.10220
Understanding ecosystem service change necessitates an understanding of the social and ecological dimensions of ecosystem services and how they contribute to the well-being of different people. These empirical research gaps persist across the tropics and in coastal environments, posing a challenge for small island states that depend on ecosystem services associated with near-shore ecosystems like coral reefs. Perception-based...
Wunderling, N., Donges, J., Kurths, J., Winkelmann, R.. 2021. Interacting tipping elements increase risk of climate domino effects under global warming. Earth System Dynamics. http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/esd-12-601-2021
With progressing global warming, there is an increased risk that one or several tipping elements in the climate system might cross a critical threshold, resulting in severe consequences for the global climate, ecosystems and human societies. While the underlying processes are fairly well-understood, it is unclear how their interactions might impact the overall stability of the Earth's climate system. As of yet, this cannot be ...
Lade, S., Wang-Erlandsson, L., Staal, A., Rocha, J.. 2021. Empirical pressure-response relations can benefit assessment of safe operating spaces. Nature Ecology & Evolution. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41559-021-01481-5
In a recent study, Hillebrand et al. tested ecosystem pressure-response data from multiple meta-analyses for multimodality and changing variance, both indicators of ‘tipping point’ thresholds that lead to discontinuous responses such as regime shifts. They found that such thresholds were difficult to detect and argued that threshold and safe operating space concepts are therefore not suitable for environmental management and ...
Qiu, J., Queiroz, C., Bennett, E., Cord, A., Crouzat, E., Lavorel, S., Maes, J., Meacham, M., Norström, A., Peterson, G., Seppelt, R., Turner, M.. 2021. Land-use intensity mediates ecosystem service tradeoffs across regional social-ecological systems. Ecosystems and People. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/26395916.2021.1925743
A key sustainability challenge in human-dominated landscapes is how to reconcile competing demands such as food production, water quality, climate regulation, and ecological amenities. Prior research has documented how efforts to prioritize desirable ecosystem services such as food and fiber have often led to tradeoffs with other services. However, the growing literature has revealed different and sometimes contradictory patt...
Herrero, M., Thornton, P., Mason-D'Croz, D., Palmer, J., Bodirsky, B., Pradhan, P., Barrett, C., Benton, T., Hall, A., Pikaar, I., Bogard, J., Bonnett, G., Bryan, B., Campbell, B., Christensen, S., Clark, M., Fanzo, J., Godde, C., Jarvis, A., Loboguerrero, A., Mathys, A., McIntyre, C., Naylor, R., Nelson, R., Obersteiner, M., Parodi, A., Popp, A., Ricketts, K., Smith, P., Valin, H., Vermeulen, S., Vervoort, J., van Wijk, M., van Zanten, H., West, P., Wood, S., Rockström, J.. 2021. Articulating the effect of food systems innovation on the Sustainable Development Goals. The Lancet Planetary Health Volume 5, Issue 1, January 2021, Pages e50-e62, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s2542-5196(20)30277-1
Food system innovations will be instrumental to achieving multiple Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). However, major innovation breakthroughs can trigger profound and disruptive changes, leading to simultaneous and interlinked reconfigurations of multiple parts of the global food system. The emergence of new technologies or social solutions, therefore, have very different impact profiles, with favourable consequences for s...
Pihl, E., Alfredsson, E., Bengtsson, M., Bowen, K., Cástan Broto, V., Chou, K., et.al. 2021. Ten new insights in climate science 2020 – a horizon scan. Global Sustainability, 4, E5. doi:10.1017/sus.2021.2
We summarize some of the past year's most important findings within climate change-related research. New research has improved our understanding of Earth's sensitivity to carbon dioxide, finds that permafrost thaw could release more carbon emissions than expected and that the uptake of carbon in tropical ecosystems is weakening. Adverse impacts on human society include increasing water shortages and impacts on mental health. ...
Pan, H., Page, J., Cong, C., Barthel, S., Kalantari, Z.. 2021. How ecosystems services drive urban growth: Integrating nature-based solutions. Anthropocene Volume 35, September 2021, 100297, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ancene.2021.100297
Addressing urban challenges with nature-based approaches can improve and protect ecosystem services. Yet, urban planning has not efficiently integrated such approaches to manage land use. This paper examines interactions between human and natural systems that result in ecosystem services and changes in land use and land cover in urban areas. It develops a social-ecological model for land use and land cover change, and for eco...
Andersson, E.. 2021. The role of science in finding solutions to wicked, systemic problems. Ambio, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13280-021-01525-x
Why did solution-oriented research emerge and grow strong within Ambio ? What was the identified need? Ambio ’s aims and objectives state that “ Ambio particularly encourages multi- or inter-disciplinary submissions with explicit management or policy recommendations”. While this certainly encourages solution-oriented research it does not sufficiently describe what solution-oriented research is. With its focus on the hum...
Naylor, R.L., Hardy, R.W., Buschmann, A.H. et al. 2021. A 20-year retrospective review of global aquaculture. Nature 591, 551–563 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-021-03308-6
The sustainability of aquaculture has been debated intensely since 2000, when a review on the net contribution of aquaculture to world fish supplies was published in Nature . This paper reviews the developments in global aquaculture from 1997 to 2017, incorporating all industry sub-sectors and highlighting the integration of aquaculture in the global food system. Inland aquaculture—especially in Asia—has contributed the mos...
Crona, B., Folke, C., Galaz, V. 2021. The Anthropocene reality of financial risk. One Earth, Vol. 4, Issue 5, P618-628, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oneear.2021.04.016
Globally, financial services are well positioned to contribute to the transformation needed for sustainable futures and will be critical for supporting corporate activities that regenerate and promote biosphere resilience as a key strategy to confront the new risk landscape of the Anthropocene. While current financial risk frameworks focus primarily on financial materiality and risks to the financial sector, failure to accoun...
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