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Singh, C., Wang-Erlandsson, L., Fetzer, I., Rockstrom, J., van der Ent, R.. 2021. Dry periods influence the ecohydrology of the rainforest. Earth and Space Science Open Archive, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/essoar.10509057.1
Climate change and deforestation influence the rainfall patterns in the tropics, thereby increasing the risk of drought-induced forest-to-savanna transitions. Forest ecosystems respond to these changing environmental conditions by adapting various drought coping strategies driven by different magnitudes of water-stress (i.e., defined here as a deficit in soil water availability inhibiting plant growth due to change in rainfall...
Grêt-Regamey, A., Switalski, M., Fagerholm, N., Korpilo, S., Juhola, S., Kyttä, M., Käyhkö, N., McPhearson, T., et.al. 2021. Harnessing sensing systems towards urban sustainability transformation. npj Urban Sustainability. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s42949-021-00042-w
Recent years have seen a massive development of geospatial sensing systems informing the use of space. However, rarely do these sensing systems inform transformation towards urban sustainability. Drawing on four global urban case examples, we conceptualize how passive and active sensing systems should be harnessed to secure an inclusive, sustainable and resilient urban transformation. We derive principles for stakeholders hig...
Maasri, A., Jähnig, S., Adamescu, M., Adrian, R., Baigun, C., Baird, D., Batista‐Morales, A., Bonada, N., et.al. 2021. A global agenda for advancing freshwater biodiversity research. Ecology Letters. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ele.13931
Global freshwater biodiversity is declining dramatically, and meeting the challenges of this crisis requires bold goals and the mobilisation of substantial resources. While the reasons are varied, investments in both research and conservation of freshwater biodiversity lag far behind those in the terrestrial and marine realms. Inspired by a global consultation, we identify 15 pressing priority needs, grouped into five researc...
Klose, A., Wunderling, N., Winkelmann, R., Donges, J.. 2021. What do we mean, ‘tipping cascade’? Environmental Research Letters. http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ac3955
Based on suggested interactions of potential tipping elements in the Earth’s climate and in ecological systems, tipping cascades as possible dynamics are increasingly discussed and studied. The activation of such tipping cascades would impose a considerable risk for human societies and biosphere integrity. However, there are ambiguities in the description of tipping cascades within the literature so far. Here we illustrate how...
De Luca, C., Langemeyer, J., Vaňo, S., Baró, F., Andersson, E.. 2021. Adaptive resilience of and through urban ecosystem services: a transdisciplinary approach to sustainability in Barcelona . Ecology and Society. http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/es-12535-260438
Ecosystem services (ES) from urban green and blue infrastructure (GBI) provide cities and their citizens with benefits necessary to cope with present and future sustainability challenges. Long-term comprehensive urban greening strategies, policies, and plans are thus central to the development of sustainable, liveable, and resilient cities. However, urban greening strategies are increasingly tailored to provide short-term bene...
Andersson, E., Borgström, S., Haase, D., Langemeyer, J., Wolff, M., McPhearson, T.. 2021. Urban resilience thinking in practice: ensuring flows of benefit from green and blue infrastructure. Ecology and Society. http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/es-12691-260439
Present and future urbanization together with climate change and other uncertainties make urban quality of life a critical issue, and one that will need constant attention and deliberation. Across cities and contexts, urban ecosystems in the form of green and blue infrastructure, have the potential to contribute to human well-being as well as supporting biodiversity, and to do so under diverse conditions. However, the realizat...
Colding, J., Barthel, S., Ljung, R., Eriksson, F., Sjöberg, S.. 2021. Urban Commons and Collective Action to Address Climate Change. Social Inclusion. http://dx.doi.org/10.17645/si.v10i1.4862
Climate change and the coupled loss of ecosystem services pose major collective action problems in that all individuals would benefit from better cooperation to address these problems but conflicting interests and/or incomplete knowledge discourage joint action. Adopting an inductive and multi‐layered approach, drawing upon the authors’ previous research on urban commons, we here summarize key insights on environmentally orien...
Samuelsson, K., Chen, T., Antonsen, S., Brandt, S., Sabel, C., Barthel, S.. 2021. Residential environments across Denmark have become both denser and greener over 20 years. Environmental Research Letters. http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/abcf7a
Despite much attention in the literature, knowledge about the dynamics surrounding urban densification and urban greening is still in dire need for architects, urban planners and scientists that strive to design, develop, and regenerate sustainable and resilient urban environments. Here, we investigate countrywide patterns of changes in residential density and residential nature at high spatial resolution over a time period o...
Linder, N., Rosenthal, S., Sörqvist, P., Barthel, S.. 2021. Internal and External Factors’ Influence on Recycling: Insights From a Laboratory Experiment With Observed Behavior. Frontiers in Psychology. http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.699410
Internal psychological factors, such as intentions and personal norms, are central predictors of pro-environmental behavior in many theoretical models, whereas the influence from external factors such as the physical environment is seldom considered. Even rarer is studying how internal factors interact with the physical context in which decisions take place. In the current study, we addressed the relative influence and intera...
Bates, A., Primack, R., Biggar, B., Bird, T., Clinton, M., Command, R., Richards, C., et.al. 2021. Global COVID-19 lockdown highlights humans as both threats and custodians of the environment. Biological Conservation. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2021.109175
The global lockdown to mitigate COVID-19 pandemic health risks has altered human interactions with nature. Here, we report immediate impacts of changes in human activities on wildlife and environmental threats during the early lockdown months of 2020, based on 877 qualitative reports and 332 quantitative assessments from 89 different studies. Hundreds of reports of unusual species observations from around the world suggest th...
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